Mayo stand and back table instruments for Appendectomy surgery setup
Clamping & Occluding
Right Angle Clamp
Cutting & Dissecting
Grasping & Holding
Retracting & Exposing
Suturing & Stapling
What to expect during Appendectomy
Right Angle Clamp
An appendectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the appendix, a small, tube-shaped organ that is attached to the large intestine. It is typically performed when the appendix becomes inflamed or infected, a condition known as appendicitis. If left untreated, a ruptured appendix can cause serious complications, so prompt surgical intervention is necessary. The procedure involves making a small incision in the lower right abdomen and using specialized instruments to remove the appendix.
Folded towels, laparotomy drape
Step 1: Making the Incision
The surgeon will typically make a McBurney incision in the lower right abdomen using a 15 blade loaded onto a #3 knife handle. Once the incision is made, the surgical technologist will hand the necessary instruments to the surgeon. The surgeon will then use the bovie, metzenbaum scissors, DeBakey pickups, toothed pickups, and tonsils to dissect down to the appendix. The hemostats may also be used to control any bleeding.
Step 2: Retraction
For retraction, a small incision will most likely require Army-Navys or small Richardsons. The surgical technologist must be ready to hand over the required instrument at the right time to assist the surgeon in the retraction of tissue to gain access to the appendix.
Step 3: Ligation and Removal of Appendix
Once the appendix is found, the surgeon will use a free tie to ligate any possible vascular structures. An absorbable suture such as Vicryl or silk will then be tied at the base of the appendix, and the appendix will be removed using scissors, harmonic scalpel, or a stapler. The surgical technologist must be ready to hand over the required instrument at the right time to assist the surgeon in the removal of the appendix.
Step 4: Closure
Closure will then begin with a Mayo begat needle driver, DeBakey pickups, adsons with teeth, and straight Mayo scissors after irrigating the incision, and proceed in layers until the skin is reached last. The deepest layer will be closed using usually a vicryl suture, and the skin is usually closed using a non-absorbable suture such as nylon or monocryl that can be taken out a couple of weeks/days later after healing. The surgical technologist must be ready to hand over the required instrument at the right time to assist the surgeon in closing the incision.
Tips and tricks
Cultures may be taken, so test tubes should be available for that. Any instruments that are touching the appendix when it is removed should be kept in a separate area to avoid contaminating the rest of the sterile field.
All of the cords and suction will be passed off after draping the patient. The surgeon will stand on the side where they are making an incision, and the tech will be on the opposite side with their Mayo stand and table.
The Surgery Sparknotes
- Make McBurney incision using 15 blade.
- Hand instruments to surgeon: bovie, metzenbaum scissors, DeBakey pickups, toothed pickups, tonsils, hemostats, Army-Navys or small Richardsons.
- Assist surgeon in retraction using necessary instruments.
- Ligate vascular structures, remove appendix using scissors, harmonic scalpel, or stapler.
- Closure: Mayo begat needle driver, DeBakey pickups, adsons with teeth, straight Mayo scissors, vicryl suture for deepest layer, non-absorbable suture like nylon or monocryl for skin.