Surgery setup images for Basic operating room


Mayo stand and back table instruments for Basic operating room surgery setup

Clamping & Occluding

  • Allis Forceps

    Allis Forceps

  • Curved Hemostat

    Curved Hemostat

  • Kelly Forceps

    Kelly Forceps

  • Kocher Forceps

    Kocher Forceps

  • Tonsil Clamp

    Tonsil Clamp

Cutting & Dissecting

  • #3 Knife Handle

    #3 Knife Handle

  • Curved Mayo Scissor

    Curved Mayo Scissor

  • Metzenbaum Scissor

    Metzenbaum Scissor

  • Straight Mayo Scissor

    Straight Mayo Scissor

Grasping & Holding

  • Adson Forceps

    Adson Forceps

  • Debakey Forcep

    Debakey Forcep

  • Toothed Forcep

    Toothed Forcep

Retracting & Exposing

  • Army-Navy Retractor

    Army-Navy Retractor

  • Gelpi Retractor

    Gelpi Retractor

  • Senn Retractor

    Senn Retractor

  • Weitlaner Retractor

    Weitlaner Retractor


  • Ferg-Frazier Suction

    Ferg-Frazier Suction

  • Yankauer Suction

    Yankauer Suction

Suturing & Stapling

  • Mayo-Hegar Needle Holder

    Mayo-Hegar Needle Holder

What to expect during Basic operating room

Navigating through the myriad of operating room instruments can seem like decoding a complex puzzle, especially when the pressure is on to ensure a smooth surgical procedure. This guide will delve into the fundamental instruments that are pivotal across various surgical setups, ensuring you’re always prepared for the task ahead.

1. Clamps: Ensuring a Firm Grip on the Situation
Keep in mind the tissue the surgeon will be handling when choosing your clamps. Hemostats and Kelleys are safe bets when doing open bowel cases. Kochers are good for aggressively pulling tissue up or together. Tonsils are commonly used for spreading deep tissue before using the bovie, as well as passing ties.

2. Cutting Through the Complexity: Reliable Scissors
It’s always safe to have a pair of straight Mayo scissors. Metzenbaums are also very commonly used on tissue. Most open general surgeries require Metz. Curved Mayo scissors are less commonly used, but may be needed if dealing with thicker tissue.

3. Grasping Instruments: Gentle and Precise Handling
Adsons are perfect when handling skin and right below the surface. Once the surgeon has a large incision that is a bit deeper, Rat Tooths/ Toothed pickups will work well. For delicate tissue DeBakeys will be your best bet.

4. Retractors: Maintaining Accessibility and Visibility
Senns are commonly used for small incisions. Army-Navys and Richardson’s are popular for deep tissue. Weitlaners are perfect for when the surgeon needs a self-retaining retractor, maybe when he doesn’t have another helper.

5. Suctioning: Ensuring a Clear Operating Field
Yankauers are better for larger areas, whereas Frazier’s are perfect for tight/ intricate spaces.

6. Suturing: Stitching with Precision
Mayo-hegars are your classic needledrivers that can be used in almost any space in general surgery.

A Table for Quick Reference: 54 Basic Surgical Instruments and Their Paramount Uses

#Surgical InstrumentsMedical Use
1ScalpelExecuting meticulous incisions and enabling detailed cutting during procedures.
2ForcepsSkillfully seizing, managing, and maneuvering tissues throughout the surgical process.
3RetractorMaintaining the accessibility of surgical areas by securely holding incisions ajar.
4ScissorsFacilitating the careful shearing of tissues and sutures to maintain surgical precision.
5Needle HolderAssuring stable holding and accurate positioning of sutures during tissue stitching.
6Tissue ForcepsSafeguarding and managing delicate tissues with attentiveness and precision during surgery.
7TrocarEstablishing essential entry points for performing minimally invasive surgical maneuvers.
8Bone SawNavigating through bone structures with controlled cutting during orthopedic surgical actions.
9RongeurExtracting bone fragments and unwanted tissue with accuracy, contributing to a clean surgical field.
10Surgical DrillCreating precise openings in bone structures, facilitating various orthopedic procedures.
11SpeculumFacilitating thorough examinations and unobstructed access within various body cavities.
12CuretteEmploying meticulous scraping and gentle removal of tissues, aiding in both diagnosis and treatment.
13Suction DeviceRemoving blood, fluids, and debris from the surgical field to maintain a clear view and prevent accumulation during procedures.
14Clip ApplierSecuring vascular clips adeptly to maintain hemostasis by controlling blood flow in vessels.
15StaplerEffectuating the closure and secure sealing of tissue incisions during and post-procedure.
16ElectrocauteryAchieving meticulous cutting while simultaneously coagulating to manage blood loss and seal vessels.
17SutureMethodically unifying incisions and facilitating wound healing through strategic stitching.
18Bulldog ClampTemporarily halting blood flow with precise occlusion of blood vessels during various procedures.
19Nasal SpeculumProviding detailed examination capabilities within the nasal passages, enabling visual access and procedural functionality.
20AnoscopeEnabling thorough inspection and access within the rectal and anal regions, supporting diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.
21Tenotomy ScissorsEnabling precise severing of tendons with specialized, typically slender and sharp, design for minimally disruptive incisions.
22Biopsy PunchAcquiring tissue specimens for analytical examination with a straightforward, typically cylindrical cutting approach.
23Rib SpreaderFacilitating access to thoracic structures by cautiously parting the ribcage during surgical procedures.
24Grafting KnifeSkillfully preparing graft materials for transplant, ensuring optimal integrity and viability for successful implantation.
25Retinal ScissorsExecuting meticulous cuts in the delicate ocular structures, particularly within the retina, during ophthalmic surgeries.
26Ligature CarrierSafely positioning and securing ligatures, often to achieve control of blood vessels or other tubular structures during procedures.
27Spinal NeedleAdministering spinal anesthesia or extracting fluid, employing a design mindful of the sensitive spinal region.
28EndoscopeFacilitating visualization within internal anatomical structures and cavities, providing crucial insight during diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.
29GastroscopeEnabling detailed examination of the gastrointestinal passage, particularly the stomach, through visual and occasionally therapeutic means.
30CannulaSafely introducing or evacuating fluids by providing a passageway, ensuring controlled and precise management during procedures.
31OphthalmoscopeConducting thorough inspections of the eye’s interior, offering detailed visual insights into its structure and health.
32TonsillectomyMethodically excising the tonsils, utilizing specific tools designed to facilitate the removal while minimizing tissue trauma. (Note: “Tonsillectomy” is a procedure, not an instrument)
33CystoscopeProbing and visualizing the bladder’s interior, aiding in both diagnostic and, at times, therapeutic urological interventions.
34Bone ClampFirmly securing bone fragments, providing stability and alignment to facilitate healing or further surgical intervention.
35TrocarEnabling fluid drainage or creating access portals, often in minimally invasive procedures, through its piercing design.
36Rib ShearDecisively cutting through rib structures during thoracic surgeries, ensuring clean and controlled division of the bone.
37Babcock ForcepsDelicately grasping and manipulating fragile tissues, ensuring minimal damage during navigation and intervention.
38Abdominal RetractorProviding crucial visibility within the abdominal cavity by gently and stably holding incisions open during surgery.
39Vascular ClampTemporarily restricting blood flow through vessels during surgical interventions to create a controlled operative field.
40BronchoscopeEnabling detailed exploration of the bronchial passages, offering visual access and potential for interventional procedures.
41Dermal CuretteExtracting skin lesions with specialized, typically circular, blades designed to scoop out undesirable tissue.
42CatheterFacilitating fluid management by allowing insertion into body cavities or vessels for drainage or administration of substances.
43Myringotomy KnifePerforming precise incisions in the eardrum to enable drainage and often facilitate pressure equalization.
44Uterine SoundGauging the uterine depth and angle, providing crucial information prior to certain gynecological procedures.
45Thoracic TrocarImplementing chest tube insertion, crucial for managing pleural space conditions and facilitating lung re-expansion.
46Episiotomy ScissorsFacilitating childbirth through creating controlled incisions, designed to expand the vaginal opening.
47Tissue ScissorsSafely and accurately dissecting or dividing delicate tissues while minimizing trauma.
48Vein StripperExtracting varicose veins through controlled pulling and removal, aiming to enhance cosmetic and symptomatic outcomes.
49Hernia ClampAiding hernia repair by ensuring tissue positioning and stabilization during surgical intervention.
50Endocervical CurettePerforming gentle scraping of the cervical canal, often to obtain diagnostic samples or perform minor tissue removal.
51Bone ChiselArticulately shaping or segmenting bones during orthopedic surgeries with a finely crafted, sharp-edged instrument.
52HemostatManaging and minimizing intraoperative bleeding by staunchly clamping onto vessels or tissue.
53Suture PasserFacilitating the navigation of sutures through tissues or predefined structures, often in tight or difficult-to-access spaces.
54DermatomesExtracting uniform skin slices, often utilized for grafting purposes, by ensuring consistent thickness and size.

Bridging Knowledge with Practicality: Ensuring Readiness in the Operating Room

Remembrance and application are two sides of the surgical coin. Whilst familiarizing oneself with surgical tech instruments is pivotal, applying this knowledge in the operating room, aligning with specific surgical requirements, and adapting to the dynamic demands of different surgeries are crucial for optimizing patient outcomes and surgical efficiency.

In the ever-evolving field of surgery, ensuring that you’re adept with the myriad of tools and instruments at your disposal, from the common to the specialized, is quintessential.

Preparing for a surgical procedure extends beyond merely having the right instruments – it involves an intrinsic understanding of their application and limitations. Always consult the specific requirements of a procedure, but having a foundational knowledge of these staple instruments will undeniably give you a head-start.

Want to dive deeper and find exact instruments for a specific operating room setups? Explore our comprehensive setup by category.

Here at CSTSetup, we extend beyond providing quality operating room instruments. Our commitment permeates through every facet of your surgical practice, offering insights, quality, and a reliable partnership that navigates through every surgical endeavor.

4 thoughts on “Basic operating room

  1. Michael Moon says:

    A splendid read! The list of basic surgical instruments, complemented by their uses, is a great addition. It is paramount for every surgical tech professional to master the utility and handling of these instruments to ensure operative procedures are conducted seamlessly. Your post does a commendable job of simplifying this intricate information. I would love to see a continuation that perhaps explores the sterilization and maintenance protocols for these instruments, ensuring longevity and persistent optimal performance in various surgical settings.

  2. Charlene says:

    I can’t stress enough how valuable this guide has been for me. The reference table of the 54 instruments was a real life-saver. Maybe add pictures to it as well? Appreciate the effort you guys put into this, ensuring we are always ready in the OR. This isn’t just a list, it’s an essential tool in my daily operations. Keep up the fantastic work!

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