Mayo stand and back table instruments for Capsulectomy surgery setup
Grasping & Holding
Cutting & Dissecting
Retracting & Exposing
Clamping & Occluding
Suturing & Stapling
What to expect during Capsulectomy
A capsulectomy is a surgical procedure performed to address complications following breast implant surgery. Over time, some patients develop a thick scar tissue, known as a capsule, around their breast implant. This can cause discomfort, deformity, or other complications. A capsulectomy aims to remove this capsule, and often the implant itself, to alleviate these issues. In essence, it’s a corrective surgery for patients who have previously undergone breast augmentation.
Blue towels with or without towel clamps (surgeons preference) or utility drapes, laparotomy drape or chest drape
Step 1: Preparation and Incision
A capsulectomy surgery is performed when a patient develops a thick scar tissue or capsule around the breast implant post-surgery. During the onset of the procedure, after draping the patient, ensure the end of the cautery, suction, and if you’re utilizing one, the cord of the lighted retractor is handed to the circulator to be connected. Following this, the incision area will be marked using a skin marker. To make the incision, a 15 or 10 blade on a #3 knife handle will be used.
Step 2: Dissection and Retraction
For the dissection process, instruments like DeBakeys and an insulated-tip Bovie will be needed. For retraction purposes during this phase, you can use instruments such as a skin hook, Richardsons, or an Army-Navy. If the surgery demands deeper retraction, a lighted retractor becomes beneficial for enhanced visibility. Furthermore, you might also require an extended tip for the Bovie, and occasionally, Metz scissors might be used.
Step 3: Removal of Implant and Capsule
Once you’ve dissected the tissue adequately, it’s time to extract the implant. Some surgeons might prefer removing the capsule simultaneously with the implant, while others might choose to do it post implant extraction. The surgeon may typically use their fingers to clutch the implant for its removal. A noteworthy point for surgical technologists is the extensive usage of the Bovie during capsule removal. It’s crucial for either you or another scrubbed-in assistant to employ the suction to eliminate the resultant smoke plume. This is pivotal not just for health reasons, as inhaling this smoke is harmful, but it also maintains a clear vision for the surgeon. Instruments like an Allis can assist in gripping the capsule’s edge, facilitating its separation from adjacent tissues during dissection.
Step 4: Post-Capsule Removal and Second-side Surgery
Subsequent to the removal of the capsule, if there’s any suspicion of an infection, cultures might be taken. If the patient’s other side also requires removal of an implant and capsule, the surgeon will then transition to that side to repeat the process.
Step 5: Wound Closure
Upon the extraction of both the implants and capsules, drains might be set in place and affixed with sutures, typically a 3-0 or 4-0 Nylon. For closing the deepest layer of the skin, an interrupted suture line is applied, using a 2-0 or 3-0 Vicryl, which is then followed by a running Vicryl stitch. The process culminates with the use of a 3-0 or 4-0 Monocryl to seal the skin.
Step 6: Dressing and Finishing
Concluding the procedure, common dressings like Mastisol or Dermabond, 4x4s, ABDs, and silk tape are utilized. In some cases, a surgical bra may also be applied for the patient’s post-operative phase.
The Surgery Sparknotes
- Prepare patient, plug in tools, and make incision using blade on #3 handle.
- Dissect using DeBakeys and Bovie; retract using tools like Army-Navy.
- Extract implant; remove capsule with Bovie; use suction for smoke.
- If needed, take cultures; proceed to other side for similar removal.
- Place drains, close with Vicryl and Monocryl sutures.
- Apply dressings like Dermabond, 4x4s; consider surgical bra.
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