Surgery setup images for Pancreaticoduodenectomy (Whipple)
Mayo stand and back table instruments for Pancreaticoduodenectomy (Whipple) surgery setup
Clamping & Occluding
Cutting & Dissecting
Grasping & Holding
Retracting & Exposing
Suturing & Stapling
What to expect during Pancreaticoduodenectomy (Whipple)
Pancreaticoduodenectomy, also known as the Whipple procedure, is a complex surgical procedure performed to remove cancerous growths from the head of the pancreas. During the procedure, the surgeon removes the head of the pancreas, a portion of the bile duct, the duodenum, gallbladder, possibly part of the stomach, and some lymph nodes. The organs are then reattached to the small intestine for proper function, and the incision is closed using sutures and/or staples. The surgery is typically performed on patients with pancreatic cancer that has not spread beyond the pancreas.
Step 1: Preparing for Surgery
Before starting the surgery, proper imaging should be done to identify the extent of cancerous growth. However, if the cancer has spread throughout the abdomen and beyond, the surgeon will abort the procedure. As a surgical technologist, you should ensure that all the necessary instruments and equipment are ready before the patient is brought into the operating room.
Step 2: Making the Incision
Using either a 15 or 10 blade loaded on a #3 knife handle, the surgeon will make an incision on the abdomen. As a surgical technologist, you will be responsible for ensuring the surgical field is properly prepped and draped to minimize the risk of infection.
Step 3: Removing the Head of the Pancreas
The head of the pancreas will be removed first. During this step, you will have multiple specimens that will be removed and sent for pathology. As a surgical technologist, you should label each specimen precisely as the surgeon dictates.
Step 4: Removal of Other Organs
During a pancreaticoduodenectomy, the duodenum, gallbladder, a portion of the bile duct, possibly part of the stomach, and some lymph nodes will be removed. As a surgical technologist, you should have a variety of abdominal staplers ready in the room for these different removals.
Step 5: Reattaching Organs
After removing the necessary organs, the next step is reattaching portions of the abdomen to ensure proper bodily functions. The rest of the pancreas and bile duct is attached to the small intestine, and the rest of the stomach will be attached to the small intestine as well for proper function. As a surgical technologist, you will be responsible for ensuring that the necessary instruments and sutures are ready for this step.
Step 6: Closure of the Abdomen
Once everything has been reattached, closure of the abdomen can begin. As a surgical technologist, you should be prepared to assist the surgeon in closing the incision, which may involve the use of sutures, staples, or a combination of both. You should also ensure that the surgical field is properly cleaned and dressed before the patient is taken to the recovery room.
The Surgery Sparknotes
- Prep instruments, position patient supine, and administer general anesthesia.
- Surgeon makes incision with 15 or 10 blade on #3 knife handle.
- Remove head of pancreas and label specimens accurately.
- Remove duodenum, gallbladder, bile duct, stomach, and lymph nodes using abdominal staplers.
- Reattach pancreas, bile duct, and stomach to small intestine for proper function.
- Assist in closing incision using sutures and/or staples, and clean and dress surgical field.