Positioning: Subxiphoid: supine, Thoracotomy and thoracoscopic: posterolateral
Equipment: GIA stapler, defibrillator,
Steps: There are three different approaches that can be taken to successfully complete a pericardial window. Subxiphoid, thoracotomy, and thoracoscopic approaches.
For the subxiphoid approach, a short incision will be made on the xiphoid and the surgeon will dissect . . .
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